Pubs of Manchester

All pubs within the city centre and beyond.
A history of Manchester's hundreds of lost pubs.

Sunday, 23 November 2014

Paul Pry, West Street

Paul Pry, West Street, Blackley. (c) Manchester Local Image Collection. Click here to view full image [1].

The Paul Pry beerhouse was tucked away on West Street off Crab Lane in Blackley, opening in 1830 after the Beer Act was passed.  Although beer was brewed on the premises, there were no beer pumps, so beer was brought in jugs from the cellar.  Walker & Homfrays took the Paul Pry in 1888, as seen in 1905, and just before the First World War, the licensee of the Old House at Home was also in charge at here.  The Paul Pry closed in 1923 and these days Blackley Cemetery covers the site [2].  

The name 'Paul Pry', of which there were several in the area including the one in Salford, comes from an 1825 play of the same name, and Mr Liston (of Liston's Bar and music hall fame), was depicted on several pub signs as Paul Pry - in this case, on a swinging sign in the pub's front garden.  This fact, and many many more, are from Roger Hall's excellent and readily available book, The Pubs of Blackley, published by the late Neil Richardson [2].

2. The Pubs of Blackley, Roger Hall (1980).

Queens Arms, Rochdale Road

Former location of Queens Arms, Rochdale Road, Collyhurst. (c) Google 2014. View Larger Map.

Not to be confused with the Queens Arms (aka Gas Works Tavern), this Queens Arms stood at No. 213 Rochdale Road on the corner of Barlow Street (later Aston Street).  It was licensed after the Beer Act of 1830 and the beerhouse was lost when it was combined with the Kings Arms next door in the late nineteenth century [1].  This once bustling stretch of Rochdale Road has been stripped of most buildings and is an embarrassment to Manchester, like so many of the main roads leading into the city centre.

1. The Old Pubs of Rochdale Road and neighbourhood Manchester, Bob Potts (1985).

Waggon & Horses, Liverpool Road

Waggon & Horses, Liverpool Road, Patricroft, Eccles. (c) deltrems at flickr [1].

The original Waggon & Horses was first known as the Dog & Partridge and dates back to 1773.  After it was rebuilt in about 1856, as the building pictured above in 1991, it became a HQ for many local societies including the Patricroft Lancers FC, Barton Wheelers, the Peel Green Dahlia Society and the Peel Green Homing Society.  The new Waggon & Horses was a Hardy's Crown Brewery house until 1962, passing to Walkers of Warrington in 1961, and was a Tetley's pub [2] until it closed and was demolished in the early 2000s.  Since then a Netto supermarket has been built on the site of the old pub.

Former location of Waggon & Horses, Liverpool Road. (c) Google 2014. View Larger Map.

2. A History of the Pubs of Eccles, Tony Flynn (1980).

Saturday, 8 November 2014

Mash & Air, Chorlton Street

Brew Britannia, Jessica Boak & Ray Bailey. (c) [1].

Jessica Boak and Ray Bailey's (aka Boak & Bailey) first book, Brew Britannia, is a highly readable account of the Strange Rebirth of British Beer.  It connects various groups who have all contributed - from eccentrics like the SPBW, the Firkin chain and CAMRA, to the floundering big breweries, and the modern-day 'craft brewers' who have rejuvenated many pubs, bars and off-licenses.  You can read reviews of it elsewhere (e.g. here, here and here), but it comes highly recommended for anyone with even a passing interest in beer, pubs and social history.

Mash & Air, Chorlton Street. (c) Boak & Bailey [2].

Manchester, of course, plays its role in the story, and one strange, short-lived bar (1996-2000) is featured.  In the mid-'90s, Oliver Peyton, London restauranteur, decided to expand north and in December '96 opened Mash & Air (Mash, the bar; Air, the restaurant upstairs) in an old warehouse on the corner of Canal Street and Chorlton Street.  The interior scheme was a futuristic white with a garish lime and orange theme... and revealing portholes [1,3].

Mash & Air, Chorlton Street. (c) Isometrix [3].

Peyton admitted the design was a reaction to the traditional nature of CAMRA and Firkin pubs, but like the latter, beer was brewed on site.  Mash & Air's space-age brewery was visible throughout the bar and restaurant, and could spit out 18,000 pints a week - none of it real ale though, with a bias towards lager.  Although Mash & Air closed in 2000 and ended up a comedy club, it lives on through the keg and bottle-only Meantime Brewery, as it was Alastair Hook who ran the bar's brewery [1].

Former Mash & Air, Chorlton Street, 2008. (c) p3 Property Consultants.

Pleasingly, there is still a review from Caroline Stacey in the Independent from January 1997 online [4], so before it gets lost in the ether, here is an extract:

Just before Christmas, Oliver Peyton, owner of two such London gaffs - the Atlantic Bar and Grill and Coast - opened Mash & Air in Manchester. Launches like this don't happen every month, or even year, here, yet a week after the opening junket, the number of customers was surprisingly sparse. Maybe Mancunians are harder to impress.

After all, there is civic pride and the tradition of dissent to uphold. And though eating lags well behind drinking, designer bars are two an Ecu in a city that's been transformed by EC funding. But, barely off the starting block, Mash & Air quickly impressed me. The design, by Australian Marc Newson, is in a similar Sixties-futurist mode to Coast. And it's beautiful. The large-windowed Victorian mill, in the middle of the gay quarter, is entered up steps and through glass doors with handles like jumbo orange taps. You arrive in a bar painted pistachio-meets-lime-green (even the floor), and furnished with Duplo for giants.

The name Mash & Air comes from stages in the brewing process, and a central well that appears to run from the top to the bottom of the building, visible through huge portholes, houses brewing equipment painted orange. When it's working, this brilliantly contemporary looking engine room - a canny tribute to a place that understands the attraction of manufacturing like no other - will pump out its own beer [4].

Tuesday, 4 November 2014

Foresters Arms, Oldham Road

Foresters Arms, Oldham Road, Failsworth. (c) Rob Magee [1].

The Foresters Arms in Failsworth has been closed a few years now but this wasn't the original pub.  The first Foresters Arms was in a row of cottages set at an angle off Oldham Road, first licensed in 1830 after the Beer Act.  The above photo of the original Foresters is from about 1884 and was presented in an album to the locally famous Ben Brierley before his trip to America.  The first brewery to own the beerhouse was Watson, Woodhead & Wagstaffe of Salford, and the Foresters then passed to Walker & Homfrays in 1912 who decided to knock it down and rebuilt the pub nearby right on the main road [1].

1. Failsworth Pubs 1731-1995 and their licensees, Rob Magee (1995).

Waggon & Horses / Dog & Partridge, Liverpool Road

Waggon & Horses, Liverpool Road, Patricroft, Eccles. (c) Tony Flynn [1].

The original Waggon & Horses was first known as the Dog & Partridge and can be traced back to 1773 as one of the oldest pubs in the Peel Green area of Eccles.  The pub went through a host of names changes, being The Dog, the Black Dog, the Greyhound, and the Black Greyhound, before settling for the Waggon & Horses in 1824.  The pub shown above in an ancient photograph was rebuilt in 1856 as the Waggon & Horses [1], which stood until the early 2000s but is now the site of a Netto supermarket.

1. A History of Pubs of Eccles, Tony Flynn (1980).

Sunday, 26 October 2014

Staff of Life / Rainsough Brew, Rainsough Brow

Staff of Life, Rainsough Brow, Prestwich, 1990. (c) deltrems at flickr.

When the original Staff of Life on Rainsough Brow was demolished in 1973, Marstons Brewery rebuilt it in the estate pub style on the site of the old Rainsough Workhouse.

Rainsough Brew, Rainsough Brow. (c) Ian Pratt at Prestwich & Whitefield Guide.

The new Staff of Life was featured in the Roger Cook report when it was linked to protection money rackets by Salford and Manchester gangs.

Staff of Life, Rainsough Brow, Prestwich. (c) David Rowlinson [1].

The Staff of Life changed its name to the Rainsough Brew, an obvious pun on the road name, but closed down in the late 2000s and has since been demolished.

Rainsough Brew, Rainsough Brow. (c) Manchester Evening News.

Nothing has been done with the site yet, although Marstons were recently looking for buyers.  Rainsough Brow suddenly has no pubs, as the Plough down the road is also closed.

Former location of Staff of Life / Rainsough Brew. (c) Google 2014. View Larger Map.

1. A History of Prestwich Pubs, David Rowlinson.

Bavaria, Hyde Road

Bavaria, Hyde Road. Colour (c) Barry Hargreaves at Belle Vue Facebook page [1]. Original (c) Manchester Local Image Collection. Click her to view full image [2].

The Bavaria was a German-themed Bier Halle on Hyde Road at the Belle Vue Gardens entrance dating back to the 1957, when it was converted from old stables into the Bavarian Banquet Street [3].  The two-pint steins of lager, the Schneider Oompah band and wild nights are recalled at the Bring Back Belle Vue page, where this coloured image is shown [1].  The original 1958 photo is shown at the archives [2], and this flickr photo shows the Bavaria to the right of the entrance.  The Bavaria appears to have lasted into the late 1970s and one of the trophies on offer at the stock car racing at the Hyde Road Stadium was the Bavaria Bier Halle Trophy.

Bavaria Bier Halle Trophy, 1974. (c) Football Zone.

Dolphin Inn, Stretford Road

Dolphin Inn, Stretford Road, Hulme. (c) Manchester Local Image Collection. Click here to view full image [1].

Pictured at the archives in 1955, the Dolphin Inn stood at No.72 Stretford Road on the corner of Medlock Street in Hulme [2].  It was a Walker Cains house for a time, the Liverpool brewery, which was quite unusual for Manchester.  It was also owned by Hardy's Crown brewery and sold Bass ales.  The Dolphin opened in about 1840 [3] and closed in 1966 [2], presumably to make way for the Mancunian Way which now passes just to the west of where the pub stood.

Former location of the Dolphin Inn, Streford Road. (c) Google 2014. View Larger Map.

Medlock Street used to continue south to meet Stretford Road here, in the shadow of the Hulme Arch, a local landmark soon to be immortalised on the cover of Manchester group, The Distractions', long-awaited boxset,  'Parabolically Yours' [4].

Parabolically Yours, The Distractions. (c) [4].

2. The Old Pubs of Hulme Manchester (1) 1770-1930, Bob Potts (1983).
3. The Old Pubs of Hulme & Chorlton-on-Medlock, Bob Potts (1997).

Thursday, 23 October 2014

Brown Cow, Oldham Road

Brown Cow, Oldham Road, Failsworth, 2009. (c) Dr Neil Clifton at geograph under Creative Commons.

The Brown Cow was built in 1904 to replace an old beerhouse of the same name in a row of cottages along Oldham Road, Failsworth.  In 1929 a wine license was granted and by the start of WWII it was under the ownership of Cornbrook Brewery [1].

Brown Cow, Oldham Road, 2012. (c) Ian S at geograph under Creative Commons.

A police survey of 1939 reported three drinking rooms and a licensed living room or kitchen, with outside gent's urinals and an indoors women's toilet to cater for the large female trade.  As you entered the Brown Cow, the vault was to the immediate right, bar parlour to the left with the smoke room with the kitchen opposite [1].

 Brown Cow, Oldham Road, 1994. (c) Rob Magee [1].

Like most pubs, the Brown Cow became open-plan in more modern times, following the Bass takeover of the pub after they'd merged with Charrington United Breweries who had taken over Cornbrook [1].  The Brown closed a few years ago and is now private housing, whilst retaining its pub appearance.

1. Failsworth Pubs and their Licensees 1731-1995, Rob Magee (1995).